BILANGGONG KAMARA? Pasado agad ang Death Penalty Bill sa Mababang Kapulungan.
QUEZON CITY – Malaki ang epekto ng parusang kamatayan (death penalty) sa mental na kalusugan ng biktima, kriminal, at mga pamilya nila, opisyal na ipinahayag ng Psychological Association of the Philippines (PAP) noong ika-7 ng Marso.
Mariing tinututulan ng maraming sektor ng lipunan ang death penalty at marami rin namang pumapabor, pinakahuli ang mga kinatawan sa Kamara. Inaasahang sa Senado mas lilitaw ang makabuluhang paghihimay-himay sa usaping nagdulot na naman ng pinakabagong paghahati-hati sa mga Pilipino.
Nakidagdag sa ganitong pagtutol ang malawakang samahan ng mga sikolohista sa pangunguna ni PAP president Margaret Helen Udarbe-Alvarez, PhD at vice president Ron R. Resurreccion, PhD. Gumamit na umano sila ng “point of view of evidence-based social science, psychology in particular, as well as of ethics.”
Sabi ng PAP: “Majority of those on death row in the Philippines have been convicted of rape, with incestuous rape as the most common form. Victims of incestuous rape rarely seek the death of their offender but simply desire cessation of abuse, reestablishment of safety, and rehabilitation of their family member. A possible death penalty sentence for these cases has been noted to keep victims from pursuing charges, and a death sentence for the offender can bring guilt to the victim, further sorrow, and conflict within affected families (Madrid et. Al., 2001; People v Agbayani, 348 Phil. 368, 1998; Jamon and Bautista, 2016). In fact, majority of groups representing women and children in the Philippines, who are common victims of death penalty crimes, have taken a stance against capital punishment for rape and incest because they believe it would not solve the problem (Kandelia, 2006).”
Narito ang huling bahagi ng kanilang pahayag:
“Given all these, we oppose the reinstatement of the death penalty. Furthermore, we resolve to support efforts to: disseminate evidence-based information on capital punishment, especially its effects on psychological health; protect the rights and promote the welfare of vulnerable individuals especially against police and prosecutorial violations of judicial procedures; conduct psychological research on alternative maximal sanctions and therapeutic dimensions of judicial processes for victims, offenders, and their loved ones; and develop programs that aid in the redemptive rehabilitation of offenders, that support victims and their loved ones through and in the aftermath of judicial processes, and that foster the psychological wellbeing of these persons.” DC Alviar